How to Grow Peppermint from Seed | A Full Step By Step Guide
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Well! Nature has given us many blessings in terms of fruits and vegetables. You can use them externally as well as a dietary supplement. The best thing about natural herbs is that they do not have any side effects. There are various ways to use herbal products to get the maximum benefit of them. Peppermint is an excellent example of a beneficial herb and the easiest to grow. So in the article,we will talk about how to grow peppermint from seed this attractive herb in detail.
When I came across its origin, I found that spearmint cleaning around the garden one day, and she found water mint growing in the ponds of lily. Finally, they identified each other as close spirits and had a charming romance, thus produced a wonderful love child, peppermint.
How to Grow Peppermint from Seed
- Its hybridization is not common because herbs, spearmint, and water mint, get too neutralized.
- Through cross-pollination, they are free to hybridize in nature.
Origin of peppermint
- Some sources claim that it did not appear in herbalists’ list until the 18th century in England.
- Like other mints, peppermint is a native of southern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.
- Pliny and Elder mentioned the sources complied by American Botanical Council about peppermint used as a best food flavouring element.
- Egyptians cultivated Mentha with Piperita and declared it a natural medicinal herb in Icelandic documents in the 13th century.
- But peppermint was not in use by Europeans as a medicinal herb till the mid of 18th century.
- Most of the peppermint plants are steam distilled and used to make essential oil, various flavouring purposes, and cosmetic products.
- The herbal medicinal industry also used this herb in many medicines.
- In the United States, Oregon grows 35% more than peppermint and has subject the industry for the past few decades.
Grow peppermint outdoors
- The established mint plants can tolerate frost during their growth.
- It is perennial in zones 5 to 11 but can be treated as to zone 3.
- Compared to other mint species, peppermint has hairless, serrated, spear-shaped dark green leaves.
- Some peppermint plants have reddish colour around the edges, a character that is somewhat different from water mint.
- You can grow peppermint in containers as it has the upright growing habit of 1 to 2 feet tall.
- You can mow peppermint and use it as a spreading ground cover, but if you want to check it regularly, you can dig out its root system.
- Growing peppermint in the garden requires moist soil to thrive.
- You should plant it in drip-irrigated areas and at the edges of the garden.
Mint plant care tips
- You can grow mint from seeds indoors any time in mid-spring when the frost has gone.
- Few gardeners grow peppermint seeds before the few weeks of fall frost to switch over to the following growing season.
Seed Depth and Spacing
- Most types of mint need sunlight to germinate; grow it from seed is no exception.
- You should lightly press the Mentha and Piperita seeds for the planting mix.
- Space the peppermint seeding or transplantation at 18 to 24 inches apart.
- Growing mint from seed outdoors is at significant risk due to the spring frost, and the seedlings have grown into two sets of true fresh leaves.
- Place them on the top of well-worked soil and spray a fine layer of vermiculite on them.
- Place a row cover on the seeds until they sprout if you directly sow the seeds in the garden.
Mint Plant Care for Maintenance and Harvesting
- You should take care of this tricky plant by creating an underground boundary for ground-planted peppermint.
- Trim the surface runners as necessary, and use a hand trowel to serve the roots.
- When the plant focuses its energy, you can trim it back, and as a result, more greenery you will get from it.
- You can hang them inverted for future use, dehydrated stems and flowers in a warm place or dry area, or you can also freeze leaves in the ice cubes.
- Try to pick peppermint leaves in the morning when the flavour oils are potent.
- You should plant the mint where the passers-by can brush the foliage, releasing the heady aroma.
- For growing new plants from the old ones, you should root a stem cutting in a glass of water and divide the whole plant into sections and replant each area.
- Avoid the use of fertilizer on mint plants.
- Peppermint is a vigorous perennial that can grow in healthy drainage soil.
- The plants can tolerate some shade and need protection from the direct sun also.
- Minimum care is required for this tricky plant; as for outdoor plants, use light mulch. This will be helpful to make the soil moist and clean too.
- For indoor plants, regular watering is a must to keep the soil evenly moist.
- Mints profit the pruning and picking because they are shallow-rooted and easy to pull out, so you should not worry about as long as you provide the physical barriers like walkways, walls, and containers.
- To keep the mint plants at their best frequent harvesting is a good option.
- You can freeze mint leaves as well as dry them in the bunch.
- You should cut the stems one inch from the ground right before flowering.
- In one growing season, you can develop one mint two to three times.
- You can also pick leaves of mint according to your need.
- You can also harvest the plants indoors for fresh leaves throughout the winter.
- The majority of the sweets, alcoholic drinks, lemonade, and ice tea may all be served by Peppermint for topping up.
- You may use them to create fruit salads.
- To prepare the mint chocolate treat, cut the fresh leaves or prepared extract if you have an ice cream machine.
- In addition to candy cane, you can also produce hard candy with vanilla and peppermint flavors.
- To prevent drowsiness, use the leaves to make fresh peppermint tea.
- Although there isn’t a set quantity of peppermint tea that is advised for regular intake, having one cup a day is an excellent place to start.
Peppermint as a medicinal herb
- The peppermint can improve the breath condition, as it works for a breath freshener, especially when dental hygiene was not available.
- It also soothes upset stomachs.
- Relieves the tension and headaches.
- Reduces cold symptoms, coughs, and congestions.
- It is antimicrobial.
- Helps in memory development and stress ease.
- Irritable bowel syndrome.
- Reduction of tuberculosis and asthma symptoms related to lungs inflammation
- Muscle pain relief.
Pests and diseases
- The biological diseases of peppermint are Verticillium wilt, Verticillium dahlia, and powdery mildew.
- It does not have any invertebrate pests and insects.
- If you germinate the seeds indoors, it will take 7 to 20 days.
- You should use a heat mat under seedling trays.
- You should better grow peppermint plants in the spring season to get better results.
- Moist the soil and amend it with aged, screened compost before seeding.
- Peppermint soil like the soil having PH of 6.5 to 7.0
- It can hold acidic conditions more.
Grow peppermint from cuttings
- Take cutting from the top growth of your mint plant about 8 cm in length.
- Place the stems in water.
- The stems will start spreading within a couple of weeks.
- Firm compost around the stems and water well.
- Neat the top growth from the stems as this cuts the surface area from which the plants can lose water.
- Peppermint helps to improve the flavour of broccoli, kohlrabi, kale, and cabbage.
- It also helps to repel ants and aphids, which try to attack cabbage and other leafy crops.
- Moreover, it also attracts beneficial insects like predatory wasps, earthworms, and hoverflies.
How to Grow Peppermint from Seed: FAQs
Is mint easy to grow from seed?
Growing mint from seed is easy, and the tiny plants take off once installed in a garden bed. The mint seeds can be grown indoors in late winters or directly sown to warm spring soil.
How long does mint take to grow from seed?
Grow mint seeds outdoors in late spring or start seed indoors about 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost. Keep the soil wet until the seed germinates. Mint seeds germinate in 10 to 15 days; seeds-grown plants should reach harvestable size within two months.
How do you plant peppermint seeds?
Lightly press Mentha and Piperita seeds on the surface of your soil or planting mix. For direct seedlings or transplantation, space peppermint 18 to 24 inches apart. Seedlings absorb in 7 to 20 days if germinating outdoors; use a warm mat under your seedling trays.
To conclude how to grow peppermint from seed, it is not wrong to say that it is the easiest plant to grow only if you know the right season and correct tips about its harvesting process. You can grow it in your garden and can add flavour to your foods for sure.