Types of Garage Door Springs | 3 Types of Springs and Their


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Garage doors work as they should since they have parts that make it possible. This implies that we must take care of each of the parts that compose it as good owners of one of them. Springs will be used depending on the types of garage door springs.

Learn More: Garage Door Spring Accident

Types of Garage Door Springs

types of garage door springs


Garage door openers have springs in their structure. These are of two types: extension and torsion. Springs are used in both the installation and operation of horizontal garage doors.


They are the most common and work using torque. They have a lot of resistance and are generally more durable than others.

There is torsional energy produced by the torque that makes rotation possible. This means that by exerting the opening or closing force of the garage door, the coil twists and wraps itself around the metal shaft.

According to the opening dimensions and size of the garage door, it will be the spring you use. This is because springs vary in length and size.

Read More: How To Open Garage Door With Smartphone


Extension springs are usually located on both sides of the door on the horizontal tracks at the top.

They are used when there is not much headroom, especially when a stationary cone and, therefore, torsion springs cannot be used.

The springs counterbalance as they extend to open the garage door, thereby supporting it.

Each time you open the door wider and wider, the more force the extension springs receive. For this reason, these springs are paired with a safety cable. This safety cable is in charge of preventing the spring from firing freely when there is a fault.

If it is fired, it could cause severe damage. If for some reason, a bracket or cable fails, the safety cable will protect the owners. Safety cables must be kept in place at all times to avoid property damage. However, it is open, closed, or in motion to prevent the spring from disengaging.

Extension vs. Torsion

types of garage door springs

Regardless of the type of spring, both deserve special attention. Less expensive extension springs are more common in residences. Also, in recent homes, this type of spring is widely used.

But in terms of their duration, extension springs last less than torsion springs, which are also safer. However, they are more expensive for the reason of being more durable. Consult a professional to decide what type of spring is best for you when you need to change your opener.

When operating an overhead door, the extension springs fully expand and contract.

Torsion springs have greater strength and durability. These do twists. They are more expensive, however, typically lasting between 15,000 and 20,000 cycles. Extension springs can last a maximum of 10,000 cycles.

Learn More: How To Install Garage Door Springs And Cables

Sectional Roll-Up Doors vs. Roll-Up Garage Doors

Sectional Roll-Up Doors vs. Roll-Up Garage Doors

To adapt them to the opening, you can customize both doors (roll-up sectional and roll-up garage). However, it is the roller ones that will adapt to larger dimensions.

The measurements of a roll-up door are 3 5/8″ high, and its slats can be 1 ½” high. The sectional door consists of sections measuring 18″, 21″, or 24″ high.

Torsion Springs vs. Extension Springs

Torsion Springs vs. Extension Springs

Extension springs, when operating an overhead door, fully expand and contract. Torsion springs rotate and have greater strength, durability, and cost. These will last between 15,000 and 20,000 cycles. Extension springs can last a maximum of 10,000 cycles.

Torsion springs have increased strength and durability. This duration ranges from 15,000 to 20,000 cycles. Extension springs now last a maximum of 10,000 cycles.

For example, if a person opens his garage door four times a day, the life of his extension springs will be around seven years. We describe it more specifically this: there are two types of springs in overhead doors: torsion and extension.

Typically, companies that install garage doors use torsion springs. At the same time, extension springs are used when there is little headroom available, and therefore it is impossible to use a rear torsion spring for the door.

There are a variety of reasons why the popularity of tension springs has increased.

These reasons are as follows:

  • The torsion ones rotate and are not fully extended like the extension ones when the door is operating.
  • The duration and resistance of the tension springs are much greater than that of the extension springs.
  • The movement with the tension springs will be more controlled than the movement of the extension springs that are shaken. When the door is opened for the first time, there may be much tension, but it will disappear, and the door will fly faster.
  • When opening and closing the door, the tension springs maintain a constant and controlled movement to correct the balance on the door. Instead, the jerks caused by the extension springs will result in the door requiring adjustment. This mismatch will cause further damage to the garage door
  • Torsion springs are easy to lubricate and maintain. But the extension springs can wear out on the extra parts of the door. This is thanks to the fact that these extension springs need more parts. Therefore the risk is greater. For example, these have pulleys and need a longer cable.
  • Torsion springs limit operator wear and do not require more power to operate. Extension springs do require more power. Easy opening and closing will not strain the gate operator as there is a better balance. This balance is due to the more controlled movement, which may give you less difficulty with your operator, lasting longer and working better.
  • The danger is greater when an extension spring breaks than when a torsion spring breaks, which can lead to serious consequences and even death. This does not happen when a torsion spring breaks when you will hear only the blow. However, the spring will remain on the shaft.

How to Measure Extension Springs

YouTube video

To measure extension springs, apply the following steps:

  • Look for the tools to make the measurement.
  • Measure the diameter of the wire.
  • Now measure the outer diameter.
  • Take the size of the length.
  • Finally, measure the total length of the spring.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are all garage door torsion springs the same?

Although all garage doors have torsional springs with the same purpose, their parts and installation depend upon the spring system.

Why are garage door springs so dangerous?

The door springs of the garage might be harmful. The hazard arises if the springs unexpectedly fail. Because the spring has consistent voltage, the spring might break down abruptly by causing a sudden failure.

Can a garage door work without springs?

The door springs of the garage might be harmful. The hazard arises if the springs unexpectedly fail. Because the spring has consistent voltage, the spring might break down abruptly by causing a sudden failure.

Should I replace both garage door springs?

The tension sources are extended when the door is closed. When the door opens, the fountains relax and release energy for the door to rise. So, you should change and match the two springs when replacing voltage springs since the older, unbreakable spring has lost some tension with time.

Can garage door springs be too strong?

Failure to fit your garage doors might cause significant difficulties. It will provide a safe, balanced garage door with a well-fitted spring or spring. Too tiny or too large a spring might harm your opener, cabling, a security risk, and more.

How long should garage door springs last?

If appropriately placed, the average garage door spring should endure around 10,000 opening and shutting cycles. If you only enter and leave your garage once a day, you should wait around 14 years from the first day of spring for a broken garage door to spring.

Why does my garage door only have one torsion spring?

Some builders use only one spring to save money when installing garage doors. However, this is perhaps not the greatest choice for a door system. One spring door exerts more strain on the one spring than two spring’s doors.

What do the colors mean on garage door torsion springs?

The color code of a torsion spring is a “right wind” or “left-wing.” Black is the right wind and red the left wind is the red one. Furthermore, the torque is color-coded to detect the thickness or gauge of the wire for technicians.

How do I know what size torsion spring I need for my garage door?

  • Wind direction determination. Step 1: See the wind direction after the spring.
  • Wire size measurement.
  • Inside diameter measurement.
  • Overall Length Measurement.

Do I need springs on my garage door?

These springs, especially if you have two, are necessary to open and close your garage smoothly. This implies your garage door opener doesn’t work properly without springs, as there usually is not much horsepower in the home openers.

How long do garage door springs last?

About 10,000 opening and shutting cycles

Which type of garage door is best?

The design flexibility, durability, and overall value of Steel is a preferred material for garage doors. Steel’s garage doors are available in an unlimited range of design possibilities and offer a more cost-effective alternative to natural wood.

What is the most popular garage door?

Carriage doors, which provide the illusion of old-fashioned doors in the garage, are the most popular in contemporary rural architecture.

What two types of garage doors are most common?

Sectional, rollaway-on, sliding to the side, side hinged, tilt-up canopy, and tilt-up canopy are the six most frequent ones for choosing.

Bottom Line

To avoid damage and suffer injuries by selecting the correct spring for your garage door opener. Brackets and other garage door parts are important. So we must be careful of each of the parts of the garage door.

According to your type of garage door, carry out periodic reviews of the parts and carry out correct maintenance. If they are residential garage doors, these will be the measures that we must take.

Title: Types of Garage Door Springs | 3 Types of Springs and Their Differences

Meta: This article will help you understand the different types of springs used in garage doors. See how each spring type works and determine which one is right for your home.

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