What do Plants Need to Grow | Things Plants Need To Grow


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When it comes to plants, you usually think of greenery everywhere around you and the food you and other animals eat, but the surprising world of plants have much more interesting for you. The known species currently existing are 30100, and people only eat 20, 00 out of them. Many factors affect plant growth for sure; whether you have outdoor plants or indoor plants like air, water, sunlight, soil, proper temperature, moisture, and proper pots, if you skip anyone, it can reduce plant growth. So if you want to discover which factors are necessary for plant growth and what do plants need to grow, this article will be very informative.

What do Plants Need to Grow?

What do Plants Need to Grow

House plants for different indoor light conditions

Although most house plants need adequate sunlight and air for their growth, certain types can grow even in indoor light conditions. Some of the classes are listed as down:

  • Chinese evergreen.
  • Cast-iron plant.
  • Ponytail palm.
  • Parlor Palm.
  • Dumb cane.
  • Dracaena.
  • English ivy.
  • Sentry or kentia palm

Choosing the right plant for your available light

Light is the main factor in the growth of indoor plants. All types of plants need light for photosynthesis, the process by which every plant makes its food in the presence of sunlight and changes light, oxygen, and water into carbohydrates. Plants need the energy for their bloom growth and the production of seed. So it is better to determine the hours of sunlight in your area and its quality before starting seed and select the plants that can grow within your indoor temperature and light.

Yes! Plants can bear low lights, but more light they will need for dense flowering and foliage.

Low light plants

  • A low light plant will be best for the dark corners and North windows.
  • Low light plants need no direct light, and as if they are placed in their native areas and are called understory plants, they can grow under the branches of big plants.
  • Low lights are not suitable for seed formation.

Medium-light plants

  • The medium-light plants will grow well in East facing windows or west-facing windows but away from direct light.
  • The plant will need an artificial source of light for the formation of seeds in medium light.
  • Also, avoid overwatering.

High light

  • High-lighted plants should be placed in brightly lighted areas like facing windows and southwest directions.
  • The plants will form seeds without artificial light, but it needs more light than the normal like tomatoes and pepper for indoor plants.
  • High-lighted areas make the climate warm, and thus plants get dried faster.

Adding artificial lightening

  • If the area where a plant is placed lacks adequate natural sunlight light, you can add the source of artificial light there if you want the extensive growth of your plant.
  • The most common source is LED lights and fluorescent bulbs, but you can also opt for high-pressure sodium bulbs and incandescent bulbs for this purpose.

Distance from a light source

The low wattage around 200 should be placed at a distance of 12 to 20 inches from the top of the plant. Growing plants can be tricky, but luckily there is a guide to help you know what kind of light they need. If the plant requires high wattage like 1000 or above, it should not be placed any closer than 36-46 inches from the top of your plants.

If you want to grow some healthy green vegetables in an indoor environment without buying expensive equipment, this article will show you how!

Everything you Need to Know About Lighting For Plants

Lighting For Plants

All living organisms need water and food for their growth; plants’ light acts as a food content. In photosynthesis, light is the most critical factor to consider, where chloroplasts capture light energy for various metabolic reactions like the formation of sugars in plants. Sugars act like fuel for plant growth. Therefore, when the plant is exposed to direct sunlight, it will capture and grow well.

Light has two characters, quality, and quantity.

Quality of light

Quality refers to the type and color of light. Light energy comes from various wavelengths with corresponding colours. The colours that we can see with our eyes may not be helpful for plants but need light differently. Plants look green because they are meant to reflect green, but they are useless for plants. But on the other hand, plants need sunlight and can use the remaining colours like yellow, orange, red-violet, and blue, and the ultraviolet light is invisible from the infrared and sunlight.

Quantity of light

The quantity of light refers to the brightness and intensity of light that catches the plant’s green leaves. If the plant’s leaf hits more light, it will see more energy and grow faster. If any plant produces more seeds, fruits, and flowers, it only depends on the light factor. These plants are flourishing well with the essential nutrients like sugars, CO, and water that are the crucial components for flower pigments.

Water and nutrients

  • Water helps a plant by transporting essential nutrients to the plant body. Nutrients are provided from the soil and used by the plant. Without enough water in the plant cell, the plant will droop, so water helps the plant hold and stand. Water carries the dissolved sugars and other nutrients through the plant body. 

Growing plants indoors

Here are some essential tips you should take care of while growing indoor plants.

  • It is better to keep the pot’s soil moist and ensure it is so dry and wet. The significant soil components include 40% of sand, 40% salt, and 20% clay.
  • There should be enough drainage holes at the bottom of the pot.
  • Place the plant pot near the source of direct sunlight, whether natural or artificial.
  • Water the plants regularly for extensive growth, as most of the plants need 90% of water.

Light and temperature

  • Light is a critical factor for extensive plant growth, as the rate of plant growth and amount of time a plant remains active depends on the amount of light it captures.
  • Plants in photosynthesis use light energy, which is the essential process for making food and sugars.
  • Plants need the proper temperature and also a balance between air temperature, relative humidity, and light.
  • If a plant receives more temperature than it needs, it will heat up, thus results in plant temperature and air temperature, so it is better than to cool it down o that plant transpiration rate must increase.

LED for plants

  • If there is no natural light available near your plants, you have to source out the artificial light source like LED lights in the form of bulbs.
  • Most artificial lights offer full-spectrum lights, but on the other hand, other users in the form of blue (excellent) and red in the form of (warm) ends of the spectrum.
  • Blue light is suitable for vegetative growth, and red light stimulates the production of flowers.

What do Plants Need to Grow: FAQs?

What are the seven things plants need to grow?

Plants need room to grow, the proper temperature, light, water, air, nutrients, and time. Air consists of s78% nitrogen, 21 % nitrogen, 1 % Argon and 0.038 % carbon dioxide.

Learn Lower Nitrogen in Soil

What three things plants need to grow?

Like all living organisms, plants have basic needs like a source of nutrients, water, space, life, water, and optimal temperatures to grow and reproduce. These needs are summarized as light, air, water, and nutrients for most plants, abbreviated as the lawn.

How do plants grow and develop?

They grow through the combination of cell growth and cell division. The key to plant growth is meristem, a type of plant tissue consisting of undifferentiated cells that can continue to divide and differentiate. Meristem allows plant stems and roots to grow longer and more comprehensively.

What are the five things plants need to grow?

The five crucial things plants need to grow are direct sunlight, temperature light, water, nutrients, and time.

How can plants grow faster?

Light, air, water, soil nutrients, correct temperature are the most critical factors necessary for the plants to grow faster.

Do plants need soil to grow?

Yes! Plants can grow without soil but cannot grow without the nutrients they provide. Plants need essential support nutrients, protection from adverse temperature conditions, a smooth supply of moisture, and oxygen around the roots. 

How can plants grow healthy?

Accidently plants cannot get healthy growth. To grow strong and verdant plants need water and sun, and soil with sufficient nutrients, and that’s where commercial fertilizer comes in. Fertilizer puts in badly needed nutrients back into the soil, but it can be harsh to plant growth, but it is also costly. 

What affects plant growth?

Four main factors can affect plant growth: water, sunlight, temperature, and nutrients. These factors affect the hormonal development of the plant, which will make the plant grow slowly or quickly.


To conclude this article, what do plants need to grow? It is supposed that, like all other living organisms, plants also need essential nutrients, food, air, water, natural soil sunlight for their tremendous growth. If you take out even one of the list factors, the plant will not survive for sure, as plants are the primary source of natural oxygen for human beings. 

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