How to Build a Wood Awning Frame | Simple Steps & Additional Info
Awnings are beneficial for shielding terraces, balconies, very exposed windows, or gardens. Choosing them well means knowing what material their structure is made of, which must be resistant, and what material is used for their roofing, which must be able to stop the sun’s rays. In this article, everything you need to know how to build a wood awning frame.
How to Build a Wood Awning Frame
Step-1: Preparatory Work
First, the poster or picture is measured. This will later be the exact or rebate size of the wooden frame. Now place the wooden strip in the miter saw and cut the strips to size at a 45-degree angle. Make sure you cut the bar the right way round. Therefore, always place the bar in the drawer with the later inside facing you. If the wood is a bit frayed, you can sand it down with some sandpaper.
Step-2: Glue the Wooden Frame
Place the wooden frame strips with what will be the front side down in front of you on a scratch-proof surface. Now the white glue is applied to the cut edges. Both sides are always coated with the adhesive.
Now join the strips together and fix everything with the tensioning belt for wooden frames. This is equipped with four corner profiles placed on the outside of the strips’ corners. Now tighten the belt with feeling and let the glue dry.
Step-3: Stabilize the Wooden Frame More
Now place the four angles on the back of the wooden frame and screw it down with wood screws and a cordless screwdriver. Ensure to pre-drill with wood, but with unusual materials such as MDF, you have to pre-drill; otherwise, the strips could explode.
If the glue has hardened long enough, take off the tensioning straps. Now only the joints are checked and, if necessary, smoothed with sandpaper. It is now advisable to paint or varnish the wooden frame.
The cut-to-size glass or acrylic glass is inserted, followed by the poster or picture, and finally, the fiberboard. This is fixed to the strips with steel pins and a small hammer.
What Functions of Awnings Have?
- Repair An Area Or A Window (And The Consequent Internal Environment) Frequently Exposed To The Sun, From The Rays And Heat Of The Sun In The Summer
- Repair the External Area of a House from Prying Eyes
- Decorate the Facade of a Building
- Create a Usable Environment outside a Home, Even In Summer
- Limit Electricity Consumption, As the Protection of Windows By Awnings, Allows Less Heat To Penetrate Inside The Homes: In This Way, Both Air Conditioners And Fans Will Be Used Less
In Which Environments to Install Them
The External Elements Where An Awning Can Find The Right Place Are:
- Flat Roofs
- Facades With Windows Or Glazing
Obviously, For The Conditions For Installing An Awning To Existing, The Area To Be Covered With The Canopy Must Be Frequently Exposed To The Sun, Particularly In Summer.
Structural Elements of Awnings
An awning consists of several elements, which are:
- fabric or sheet: it is the central part, the one that provides the shelter
- bearing structure or frame, on which the cloth rests
- Box, an optional element, which serves as a protection for the awning when it is rolled up and therefore exposed to bad weather such as rain, snow, or hail
- sheet metal cover, an alternative to the box, to protect the closed awning
The Frame of the Canopy Consists of
- tubular, which holds the curtain entirely
- guides; where the curtains slide when they open and close
- extendable arms
Hooking supports, to hook the curtains to the wall or floor
Since awnings’ structure is always exposed, even for a long time, to atmospheric agents, this is made with weatherproof materials, suitably treated to resist external aggressions and corrosion.
Advantages of Using an Awning
Awnings are excellent for your home because they offer many benefits:
- They create outdoor spaces: they create cold shaded areas on your balcony, terrace, or patio so that you can take advantage of your outdoor environments even in the hottest hours of the day.
- They save you on bills: providing shade outside, awnings also shelter the interiors. The house temperatures will be less hot in summer, so you can use the air conditioner or fanless, limiting electricity consumption.
- They protect your privacy: they protect your moments of relaxation or sharing from the prying eyes of neighbors.
- Improve the building’s aesthetics: the awnings are also decorative and beautify your house’s facade or the building where you live. In the latter case, be sure to comply with the specifications indicated by the condominium.
Types of Awnings
The most common awnings are available in different types depending on the closing-opening systems and the structure that supports them. Each style is more suited to a different outdoor environment that must be protected, be it a balcony, a terrace, or a window.
Awning with Square bar Arms
The arm awning is the most used for balconies: in practice, it allows the fabric to be cantilevered through two extendable arms, hooked to an upper bar to which the tubular with the rolled-up awning is fixed. This type of awning offers only superior protection. This type of curtain is fixed to the wall or ceiling.
In this case, the awning, again widely used for balconies, descends vertically flush with the facade and offers front and side protection. This typology can be divided into two sections:
- an upper one that falls vertically;
- A lower one can protrude beyond the balcony to let more light and more air into the patio itself.
It is an aesthetically eye-catching curtain, used in this case for balconies or to cover windows or windows. It has a rounded shape, and the cloth is sewn on a curved arched frame, which moves with a rope pull. The protection provided is on the top and partially on the side.
Attic or Side Guide Awning
This typology is suitable and indicated for covering large areas, such as terraces, flat roofs, or gardens. This curtain also offers frontal as well as superior shielding. The attic tent has side guides and a structure to be hooked to the wall, then to a perimeter wall, and placed on the ground or the parapet.
This type is used for large areas, such as terraces, flat roofs, or gardens, where it is possible to install a fixed structure anchored to the wall and the ground. The sheet or the sheet of strips can be passed between the beams or open and close like a package, sliding inside pre-arranged guides.
In addition to the classic beach umbrella, which we all know, particular types of umbrellas are a non-fixed variant of awnings.
The umbrella allows you to protect small terrace or garden surfaces, to leave areas exposed to the sun at the same time as there are areas in the shade, to allow people who want to relax in the cool and people who want to sleep in the sun to live together; moreover, the umbrella can be easily moved, so it does not occupy the space fixedly and definitively.
The umbrellas’ stability is guaranteed by the insertion of their stems in holes prepared on a support base, a stone, metal, or plastic base, to be made firm and stable with special weights. The branches that support this type of tent can be made of wood.
How to Choose an Awning
It is the fundamental purpose, the fabric must be of acceptable quality that I blocked between 99% and 90 of the UV rays, and the infrared rays thus we will avoid the sensation of heat, managing to limit the temperature and regulate it, achieving that expected energy saving that together with one glazing quality, we will have a perfect optimization of the environment. Remember that micro-perforated fabrics not only protect us from the sun in the canopy but also allow micro ventilation inside-outside, avoiding the greenhouse effect.
Visible Light and Density
A right awning forcefully reduces the environment’s light intensity, avoiding a very annoying and harmful glare for the eyes. Together with the blinds in the homes, it provides excellent light control.
The Color of the Fabric
The tonality influences the freshness it offers and the rays’ filtering; that is, a canvas with a darker color will have a higher percentage of filtered rays, but we will also have more darkness towards the house’s interior. Taking this premise, we should use intermediate tones.
Remember that when buying an awning, if you live in a community of neighbors, there may be specific rules regarding sizes, colors, etc. You must ask!
How to Paint a Metal Window Awning
Having a metal window canopy is that it is sturdier than comparable plastic or canvas models. A more drawn out enduring shelter will probably mean you should clean up the paintwork sooner or later during its life. Done right, painting a metal shade can be an efficient work. The venture can be finished rapidly and is generally simple to do,
Clean the awning thoroughly
You’ll have to do the primary thing altogether spotless your overhang; this implies eliminating earth, grime, oil, and all leftover paint from past paint occupations. To do this, the best instrument you can utilize is a weight washer. This will be powerful in eliminating each substance appended to the metal. In case you don’t move toward a weight washer, a nursery hose with a firm sprinkle spout can be used to take out an extraordinary piece of the dirt that assembles on metal shades.
Primer and paint
For making a hindrance between the components and your covering, blend one 16 ounces of acetone in with one gallon of preliminary paint. Apply it to the overhang with a paint roller. It would be best if you stood by until it dries before applying your shading. These, by and large, take at any rate 24 hours. When the preliminary has dried, apply the paint uniformly with brushes or a roller.
This article has helped us build a wood awning frame, the tips for building an awning frame, and other important topics discussed in the article.
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